Loma Linda University Health kicks off new Loma Linda Farmers Market Night
June 14, 2013
LOMA LINDA, CA – June 14, 2013 – Hundreds of people turned out Tuesday (June 11) to purchase fresh produce, prepared foods, and crafts at the grand opening of the new Loma Linda Farmers Market Night. Loma Linda University Health and Loma Linda Chamber of Commerce are teaming up for the Farmers Market Night every Tuesday evening in the parking lot on the southeast corner of Anderson Street and Mound Street, in front of Loma Linda University Health Welcome Center (the former Loma Linda Post Office). Dr. Richard Hart, president of Loma Linda University Health, said the institution’s founders would certainly have been pleased by the Farmers Market Night, since students from years ago were required to work in community gardens as part of their education. In the top photo, Farmers Market Night customers select fresh produce brought by area farmers for sale during the grand opening of Loma Linda Farmers Market Night. In the bottom photo, (from left tor right) Andrejs Galenieks, graduate student and health policy analyst at Loma Linda University Institute for Health Policy and Leadership; Juan Carlos Belliard, assistant vice president, community partnerships, Loma Linda University; Gary Nelson, of Loma Linda Chamber of Commerce; Dr. Rhodes “Dusty” Rigsby (partially hidden), mayor, city of Loma Linda; Dr. Richard Hart, president, Loma Linda University Health; and Rodney Neal, senior vice president of finance for Loma Linda University, prepare to cut the ceremonial ribbon opening the new Loma Linda Farmers Market Night.
Vegetarian Diet Linked to Longer Life, Less CVD Mortality
Jun 12, 2013
LOMA LINDA, California— In a large observational study of generally middle-aged American Seventh-day Adventists, the vegetarians in the group--ranging from vegans to those who ate meat once a week--were 12% less likely to die within six years than their meat-eating peers . Men who ate a vegetarian diet were significantly less likely to die from ischemic heart disease or CVD. Does this mean everyone should forgo eating meat? Not so fast, experts caution, pointing to study limitations. But it does add support for following a "heart-healthy" diet.
The Adventist Health Study 2 was published online June 3, 2013 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
According to lead author Dr Michael J Orlich (Loma Linda University, CA), "This research gives more support to the idea that certain vegetarian dietary patterns may be associated with reduced mortality and increased longevity" and can be used to guide food choices.
However, in an accompanying editorial , Dr Robert B Baron (University of California, San Francisco) points out since it was an observational study, cause-and-effect conclusions cannot be drawn from it, and it was based on a one-time questionnaire. He urges clinicians counseling patients to be less focused on a vegetarian vs nonvegetarian diet and rather to look to the broader goal of improving the diet.
Asked to comment, Dr Robert H Eckel (University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora) concurs. "We need to put this study into perspective. Is a vegetarian diet heart healthy? Probably yes. Should people convert to a vegetarian diet based on this study? Absolutely not. I think they need to look at their overall diet and make sure it is consistent with what we know about diet and heart disease," he told heartwire.
Cut Out Meat and Live Longer?
Previous studies found that eating nuts, fruit, salads, fiber, and polyunsaturated fats or following a "healthy" or vegetarian or Mediterranean diet was linked with longer life, whereas eating red or processed meat upped mortality, the authors report. The first Adventist Health Study of about 30 000 Seventh-day Adventists living in California in the 1970s found a link between vegetarianism and lower all-cause mortality. But the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Oxford (EPIC-Oxford) cohort study did not find this association.
To investigate this, the researchers examined data from 73 308 Seventh-day Adventist men and women over age 25 who were living in the US from 2002 to 2007. The study participants had a mean age of around 57 years, and about 66% were women.
Based on their replies to questions about their consumption of 200 foods over the past year, the participants were classed into the following dietary patterns:
Vegan: Ate eggs, dairy products, fish, and meat less than once a month (n=5548; 7.6%).
Lacto-ovo–vegetarian: Ate eggs and dairy products once a month or more; ate fish and meat less often (n=21 177; 28.9%).
Pescovegetarian: Ate fish once a month or more; ate meat less often (n=7194; 9.8%).
Semivegetarians: Ate meat once a month or more; ate fish or meat no more than once a week (n=4031; 5.5%).
Nonvegetarians: Ate fish or meat more than once a week (35 359; 48.2%).
Over a follow-up of a mean of 5.79 years, 2570 participants died.
Compared with nonvegetarians, the hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality for all vegetarians combined was significant: 0.88 (95% CI 0.80–0.97). The HR for all-cause mortality ranged from 0.81 to 0.92 in the different vegetarian types and was significant only for lacto-ovo-vegetarians and pescovegetarians.
Some vegetarian diets were significantly associated with lower mortality from CVD, ischemic heart disease, renal disease, and endocrine disease (diabetes), but not from cancer. The associations were larger and more likely to be significant in men than in women.
In men, following any type of vegetarian diet was associated with a significant lower risk of dying from CVD or ischemic heart disease, but in women, this type of diet was linked with a nonsignificant lower risk of these outcomes. Men who were vegetarians had a nonsignificant lower risk dying from stroke, but among women, this type of diet appeared to increase the odds of dying from stroke.
Hazard Ratio (95% CI) for Death,* Vegetarian Diet vs Nonvegetarian Diet
Cause of death
Men and women (n=73 398)
Men (n=25 105)
Women (n=48 203)
Ischemic heart disease
*Adjusted for multiple demographic variables
The effect of a vegetarian diet in this study was "pretty modest," Eckel said. The more extreme diet--the vegan diet--did not appear to add additional benefits.
Most nutritional experts "agree that diets should limit added sugars and sugary drinks, refined grains, and large amounts of saturated and trans fats, [and healthy diets should include] substantial amounts of fruits and vegetables [and] whole grains, legumes, and nuts," Baron writes. "Achieving these goals trumps the more narrow goals of whether to include moderate amounts of dairy, eggs, fish, or even meat."
Eckel agrees. "We need to get away from this 'good food/bad food' " concept, he said. The overall diet is what is important. "Is some red meat or saturated fat in a diet appropriate? I think so. It's just a matter of how much."
Orlich reports receiving a small honorarium from the Northern California Conference of Seventh-day Adventists to partially defray travel expenses for a speaking engagement at which he gave an overview and update of Adventist Health Studies research and a small honorarium from the Southern California Conference of Seventh-day Adventists for a speaking engagement at which he lectured on lifestyle approaches for chronic disease prevention. Project support was obtained from a National Cancer Institute grant. Orlich's research fellowship was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Baron has no conflicts of interest.
Orlich MJ, Singh PN, Sabaté J, et al. Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in Adventist Health Study 2. JAMA Intern Med: DOI:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6473. Available at: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/journal.aspx.
Baron RB. Should we all be vegetarians? JAMA Intern Med; DOI:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6972. Available at: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/journal.aspx.
Heartwire © 2013 Medscape, LLC
Vegetarian Diet Linked to Longer Life, Less CVD Mortality. Medscape. Jun 12, 2013.
Major Study Affirms Adventists’ Vegetarian Diet
June 6, 2013
BY ANSEL OLIVER, Adventist News Network
People who eat a vegetarian diet live longer than those who eat meat, according to a study of more than 70,000 Seventh-day Adventists.
A study published June 3, 2013 in JAMA Internal Medicine, a journal of the American Medical Association, said vegetarians experienced 12 percent fewer deaths over a six-year period of research.
Researchers at Loma Linda University, an Adventist institution in Southern California, conducted the study, which was funded by the United States National Institutes of Health. Researchers tracked 73,308 Adventist Church members who follow the church’s dietary counsel of a plant-based diet to varying degrees.
Of the study’s participants, researchers said 5,548 were vegans, 21,177 were lacto-ovo vegetarians (also eating dairy products and eggs), 7,194 were vegetarians who also ate fish, and 4,031 ate meat infrequently. The rest of the study participants ate meat.
The findings confirm health benefits of eating a vegetarian diet, the lead study author Dr. Michael Orlich told Bloomberg News.
“People should take these kinds of results into account as they’re considering dietary choices,” Orlich told Bloomberg. “Various types of vegetarian diets may be beneficial in reducing the risk of death compared to non-vegetarian diets.”
Orlich, director of the preventive medicine residency program at Loma Linda University Medical Center, said the study was aided by studying subjects who have low rates of alcohol and tobacco use.
Researchers pointed out that the health benefits were even more beneficial for men. It remained unclear why women were less affected by a vegetarian diet. Future research will examine gender-specific reactions to certain foods.
Dr. Kathleen Kuntaraf, associate Health Ministries director for the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, affirmed that a vegetarian diet is part of living a holistic, healthy life.
“More and more people are recognizing our principles from 150 years ago are truly scientific,” she said.
Seventh-day Adventists have long advocated a vegetarian diet. The founder of Loma Linda’s School of Public Health overcame resistance in the health community in the 1940s to produce a landmark study on the benefits of a vegetarian diet, discovering that such a diet indeed contained sufficient protein, among other benefits.
In recent years, Adventists have been noted as one of the longest living people groups ever studied. In 2008, “Blue Zones” book author Dan Buettner wrote extensively about the health principles of Adventists and their longer, healthier lifespans.
According to a JAMA Internal Medicine news release, “The possible relationship between diet and mortality is an important area of study. Vegetarian diets have been associated with reductions in risk for several chronic diseases, including hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease (IHD), according to the study background.”
-- with additional reporting by Adventist Review staff
EMBARGOED: Vegetarian Diets Associated with Lower Risk of Death, says study from Loma Linda University published in JAMA Internal Medicine
June 5, 2013
NOTE: The embargoed press release below is from JAMA Network Media Relations, 1-312-464-JAMA (5262). The press release is reprinted “as is” except for a slight modification of the headline.
CHICAGO – June 3, 2013 – Vegetarian diets are associated with reduced death rates in a study of more than 70,000 Seventh-day Adventists with more favorable results for men than women, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.
The possible relationship between diet and mortality is an important area of study. Vegetarian diets have been associated with reductions in risk for several chronic diseases, including hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease (IHD), according to the study background.
Michael J. Orlich, M.D., of Loma Linda University in California, and colleagues examined all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a group of 73,308 men and women Seventh-day Adventists. Researchers assessed dietary patients using a questionnaire that categorized study participants into five groups: nonvegetarian, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian (includes seafood), lacto-ovo-vegetarian (includes dairy and egg products) and vegan (excludes all animal products).
The study notes that vegetarian groups tended to be older, more highly educated and more likely to be married, to drink less alcohol, to smoke less, to exercise more and to be thinner.
“Some evidence suggests vegetarian dietary patterns may be associated with reduced mortality, but the relationship is not well established,” the study notes.
There were 2,570 deaths among the study participants during a mean (average) follow-up time of almost six years. The overall mortality rate was six deaths per 1,000 person years. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality in all vegetarians combined vs. nonvegetarians was 0.88, or 12 percent lower, according to the study results. The association also appears to be better for men with significant reduction in cardiovascular disease mortality and IHD death in vegetarians vs. nonvegetarians. In women, there were no significant reductions in these categories of mortality, the results indicate.
“These results demonstrate an overall association of vegetarian dietary patterns with lower mortality compared with the nonvegetarian dietary pattern. They also demonstrate some associations with lower mortality of the pesco-vegetarian, vegan and lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets specifically compared with the nonvegetarian diet,” the authors conclude.
(JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 3, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6473. Available pre-embargo to the media at http://media.jamanetwork.com.)
Editor’s Note: An author made a conflict of interest and funding disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc. An author interview with Dr. Orlich will be available online.
Media Relations Specialist
Loma Linda University Health
Longevity. Cancer and diabetes prevention. Obesity. Aging. Sustainable eating.
All these headline-making topics have one thing in common – breakthroughs in the scientific research of vegetarian diets.
Loma Linda University Health hosts the 6th International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition (6ICVN) from Feb. 24-26 – the only time, held just once every five years, where some of the world’s greatest scientists and scholars in plant-based diets gather to unveil major research findings and raise some provocative ideas.
This year’s event will feature breaking news of results from a landmark worldwide nutrition clinical trial.
It’s the only place in the United States where you can hear directly from the research team.
We welcome you to cover this announcement in person at Loma Linda University Health or you can join a live streaming online.
Date: Monday, Feb. 25.
Time: 8:30 a.m. Pacific, 11:30 a.m., Eastern time.
Location: Gair Room of the Drayson Center, 25040 Stewart Street, Loma Linda, CA
Live streaming: Join the event live by following these instructions: